Jan Konůpek was one of the most significant graphic artists of the first decade of the 20th century who rose from the periods of Decadence and Art Nouveau. He developed the aspects of these styles into the form which markedly differentiated him from other artists. Konůpek graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague and was a student of Maxmilian Pirner and Alessandro de Pian. He was the co-founder of the art associations Sursum and Artěl. His oeuvre culminated in the dark Orphic etchings. Later, during the 1920s, he mainly focused on illustration and allegorical prints.